Risk for Infection

At increased risk for being invaded by pathogenic organisms

Related Factors: See Risk Factors.

Risk Factors: 
  • Invasive procedures;
  • insufficient knowledge regarding avoidance of exposure to pathogens; 
  • trauma; 
  • tissue destruction and increased environmental exposure; 
  • rupture of amniotic membranes; 
  • pharmaceutical agents (e.g., immunosuppressants); 
  • malnutrition; 
  • increased environmental exposure to pathogens;
  • immunosuppression;
  • inadequate acquired immunity;
  • inadequate secondary defenses (e.g., decreased hemoglobin, leukopenia, suppressed inflammatory response);
  • inadequate primary defenses (e.g., broken skin, traumatized tissue, decrease in ciliary action, stasis of body fluids, change in pH secretions, altered peristalsis); 
  • chronic disease

NOC Outcomes (Nursing Outcomes Classification)

Suggested NOC Labels
  • Immune Status
  • Knowledge: Infection Control
  • Risk Control
  • Risk Detection
Client Outcomes
  • Remains free from symptoms of infection
  • States symptoms of infection of which to be aware
  • Demonstrates appropriate care of infection-prone site
  • Maintains white blood cell count and differential within normal limits
  • Demonstrates appropriate hygienic measures such as hand washing, oral care, and perineal care

NIC Interventions (Nursing Interventions Classification)

Suggested NIC Labels
  • Infection Control
  • Infection Protection

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