Imbalanced Nutrition: less than body requirements

Intake of nutrients insufficient to meet metabolic needs

Defining Characteristics:
  • Body weight greater than or equal to20% under ideal weight; 
  • pale conjunctival and mucus membranes; 
  • weakness of muscles required for swallowing or mastication; 
  • sore, inflamed buccal cavity; 
  • satiety immediately after ingesting food; 
  • reported or evidence of lack of food; 
  • reported inadequate food intake less than RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance); 
  • reported altered taste sensation; 
  • perceived inability to ingest food; 
  • misconceptions; 
  • loss of weight with adequate food intake; 
  • aversion to eating; 
  • abdominal cramping; 
  • poor muscle tone; 
  • abdominal pain with or without pathology; 
  • lack of interest in food; 
  • capillary fragility; 
  • diarrhea and/or steatorrhea; 
  • excessive loss of hair; 
  • hyperactive bowel sounds; 
  • lack of information; 
  • misinformation

Related Factors: 
Inability to ingest or digest food or absorb nutrients because of biological, psychological, or economic factors

NOC Outcomes (Nursing Outcomes Classification)

Suggested NOC Labels
  • Nutritional Status
  • Nutritional Status: Food and Fluid Intake
  • Nutritional Status: Nutrient Intake
  • Weight Control
Client Outcomes
  • Progressively gains weight toward desired goal
  • Weight is within normal range for height and age
  • Recognizes factors contributing to underweight
  • Identifies nutritional requirements
  • Consumes adequate nourishment
  • Free of signs of malnutrition
NIC Interventions (Nursing Interventions Classification)

Suggested NIC Labels
  • Nutrition Management
  • Eating Disorders Management
  • Electrolyte Management: Hypophosphatemia
  • Enteral Tube Feeding
  • Feeding
  • Nutrition Therapy
  • Nutritional Counseling
  • Nutritional Monitoring
  • Swallowing Therapy
  • Weight Gain Assistance
  • Weight Management

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