Functional Urinary Incontinence

Inability of usually continent person to reach toilet in time to avoid unintentional loss of urine

Defining Characteristics: The relationship between functional limitations and urinary incontinence remains controversial (Hunskaar et al, 1999). While functional impairment clearly exacerbates the severity of urinary incontinence, the underlying factors that contribute to these functional limitations themselves contribute to abnormal lower urinary tract function and impaired continence.

Related Factors:
  • Cognitive disorders (delirium, dementias, severe or profound retardation); 
  • neuromuscular limitations impairing mobility or dexterity; 
  • impaired vision; 
  • psychological factors; 
  • weakened supporting pelvic structures; 
  • environmental barriers to toileting.

NOC Outcomes (Nursing Outcomes Classification)

Suggested NOC Labels
  • Urinary Continence
  • Urinary Elimination
Client Outcomes
  • Eliminates or reduces incontinent episodes
  • Eliminates or overcomes environmental barriers to toileting
  • Uses adaptive equipment to reduce or eliminate incontinence related to impaired mobility or dexterity
  • Uses portable urinary collection devices or urine containment devices when access to the toilet is not feasible

NIC Interventions (Nursing Interventions Classification)

Suggested NIC Labels
  • Urinary Incontinence Care

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